PTSD: National Center for PTSD
Types of Trauma
Types of Trauma
Disasters and Terrorism
- Resources for Survivors and the Public Following Sudden Trauma
Information to help survivors and loved ones deal with mass casualty events and disasters.
- Help for Survivors in the Aftermath of Disaster and Mass Violence
Learn about the types of care recommended after disasters to help survivors and communities recover.
- Risk and Resilience Factors
Find out about the factors that help or hinder recovery after disasters and terrorism.
- Media Coverage of Traumatic Events
Learn how media (news, social media, movies, etc.) can affect your stress level or harm children, and read about how to reduce negative effects.
- Terrorist Attacks and Children
Find out how children respond to events of terrorism, and get tips for what caregivers can do to help.
Sexual assault is defined as any sort of sexual activity between two or more people in which one of the people is involved against their will.
Find out more about sexual assault in:
Get information about sexual assault against females, common reactions, and resources.
Find out about sexual assault against males, common reactions, and resources.
Learn about child sexual abuse, common reactions and resources.
- Military Sexual Trauma
Learn about military sexual trauma, or MST, and services VA offers to help.
- Rape of Women in a War Zone
Learn about war-related sexual assault of civilian women in conflicts such as Bosnia and Kosovo.
- Racial Trauma
Learn about racial trauma and read tips to help actively cope and reduce stress.
- Community Violence: Effects on Children and Teens
Learn about community violence and effects on young people and find resources that can help.
- Intimate Partner Violence
Learn about how common intimate partner violence (IPV) is, signs of healthy and abusive relationships, and tips to find support and stay safe.
War and Combat
During war or conflict, military Service members and civilians are exposed to a number of potentially traumatic events. This exposure can increase their chances of having PTSD or other mental health problems.
- Combat Exposure
Stressors faced by military Service members are exposed to a number of potentially traumatic events. Find out more about stressors, and how the effects of military service can affect mental health.