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PTSD: National Center for PTSD

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Violence and Abuse


“It was like an escalation of abuse over time that continued...”

Jennifer Norris

U.S. Air Force, 1996-2010

Jennifer Norris portrait

Violence and Abuse

PTSD can occur after violence. Abuse or assault may be life-threatening, cause injury and have long-term effects. Learn more about different types of violence and abuse such as military sexual trauma (MST), race-based trauma and violence that occurs in the community.

Sexual Assault

Sexual assault is defined as any sort of sexual activity between two or more people in which one of the people is involved against their will.

Find out more about sexual assault in:

  • Females
    Get information about sexual assault against females, common reactions, and resources.
  • Males
    Find out about sexual assault against males, common reactions, and resources.
  • Children
    Learn about child sexual abuse, common reactions and resources.
  • Military Sexual Trauma
    Get information and learn about resources for those affected by military sexual trauma.


  • Racial Trauma
    Learn about racial trauma and read tips to help actively cope and reduce stress.
  • Community Violence: Effects on Children and Teens
    Learn about community violence and effects on young people and find resources that can help.
  • Intimate Partner Violence
    Find out about the prevalence and effects of domestic violence, the dynamics of abusive relationships, treatment for victims and perpetrators, and resources offering assistance.

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PTSD Bytes Podcast

Listen to “bite-sized” episodes with supportive tips, tools and practices.

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Hear from Veterans who have turned their lives around with PTSD treatment.

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What is PTSD? Whiteboard video

PTSD explained in 4 minutes.

PTSD Information Voice Mail: (802) 296-6300
Also see: VA Mental Health